Boy Scouts Files Chapter 11 Bankruptcy in the Face of Thousands of Child Abuse Allegations
Boy Scouts of America filed for bankruptcy protection early today amid declining membership and
a drumbeat of child sexual abuse allegations that have illuminated the depth of the problem within the organization and Scouts' failure to get a handle on it. After months of speculation and mounting civil litigation, the Chapter 11 filing by the scouting organization's
national body was unprecedented in both scope and complexity. It was filed in U.S. Bankruptcy Court in Delaware overnight.
The exact effects on Boy Scouts' future operations are unknown, leading to speculation about the organization's odds for
survival, the impact on local troops and how bankruptcy could change the dynamic for abuse survivors who have yet to come
forward. Some fear that at a minimum it will prevent survivors from naming their abuser in open court.
going into bankruptcy not because they don't have the money," said Tim Kosnoff, who has tried thousands of child
abuse cases, including many against the Boy Scouts and Catholic Church. "They're going into bankruptcy to hide ... a
Mount Everest in dirty secrets." In court filings, the Boy Scouts said it faces 275 abuse lawsuits in state and
federal courts around the country, plus another 1,400 potential claims.
In a statement, the organization said: "The BSA
cares deeply about all victims of abuse and sincerely apologizes to anyone who was harmed during their time in Scouting."
"The BSA intends to use the Chapter 11 process to create a Victims Compensation Trust that would provide equitable compensation
to victims." The group said it paid $150 million in settlements and legal costs from 2017 to 2019.
organization said scouting programs will continue "throughout this process and for many years to come. Local
Councils are not filing for bankruptcy as they are legally separate and distinct organizations." It is exactly that
distinction that victims' attorneys say will form the core of the legal battle ahead over which assets Boy Scouts
must use to pay legal settlements and which can be shielded. The primary debate, they say, will center on property
owned by the 266 regional councils and local troops.
Reports of a potential bankruptcy first emerged
at the end of 2018, with rumors that the nonprofit youth organization would follow in the footsteps of the
Catholic Church, which has faced similar claims of abuse. But unlike the Catholic bankruptcy cases, in which more than 20 individual dioceses have filed for protection, the Boy Scouts' case will play out on a national level. Many saw the Scouts' increase in
annual membership fees in October, from $33 to $60, as evidence of financial trouble.
Then on Jan.
1, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints - which for 100 years was among Boy Scouts' largest partners
- followed through on its plan to pull hundreds of thousands of Mormon youth out of Scouts in favor of its own youth program.
That withdrawal caused an 18% drop in membership overnight, to fewer than 2 million. But the nonprofit
organization's chief financial concern, according to victims' attorneys and bankruptcy experts, is rising liability from abuse lawsuits. The suits have led to battles with insurance carriers, who refused to pay out claims saying the Scouts
failed to take effective preventive measures to stop the abuse. In 2018, Boy Scouts sued six of its carriers.
"The problem with Boy Scouts is they're caught in a vice grip of, on one hand, having insurance companies not
paying on these claims that Boy Scouts have already settled, and second having dwindling economic resources on account of
paying out money for sexual abuse settlements," said attorney Paul Mones, who has tried dozens of high-profile
cases against Boy Scouts.
From "USA Today"
Apple, Coronavirus, And Risk-Management
Coronavirus has suddenly emerged as a critical risk factor for businesses
around the world. Companies like Apple computers are especially vulnerable because of their large customer base in China and the dependence of their supply chain on Chinese manufacturers. No
wonder Tim Cook cited the impact of Coronavirus as a significant source of uncertainty in the company's recently concluded quarterly earnings call. However, a big silver lining at this worrisome
time for the company is its $200 billion pile of cash. Cash balance is the best vaccine against unpredictable events such
as the spread of Coronavirus. In fact, cash is the best hedge against any risk that cannot be identified or quantified ahead
CFOs spend considerable time figuring out their firms' risk exposures and devising strategies
to manage them. A good chunk of their time is spent on quantifying exposures to market-based sources of risk that come from
fluctuations in interest rates, exchange rates, and commodity prices. Accounting statements are full of disclosures to these
sources of risks, their impact on the business, and how the firm manages them. But some risks are not quantifiable in a traditional
sense; much worse, some risks are not even identifiable ahead of time. Who could have predicted, even three months ago, that
Coronavirus will be Apple's main concern at the beginning of 2020?
Fed Calls Coronavirus ‘A New Risk To The Global Growth Outlook"
The Federal Reserve considers its current policy stance as appropriate "for a time"
despite the coronavirus outbreak presenting a new threat to the global economy, minutes of the Federal Open Market Committee meeting held in January revealed on Wednesday.
The meeting took place days
after the coronavirus outbreak began to drag on the US financial sector. The virus has killed 2,012 people and infected more than 75,000 as of Wednesday morning, surpassing the death toll of 2003's SARS epidemic. The FOMC highlighted
an uptick in economic growth across Asia, but warned that the spreading virus could quickly reverse any gains to gross domestic
product. "Early GDP releases showed a pickup in growth in China and some other Asian economies, though news of the
coronavirus outbreak raised questions about the sustainability of that pickup," according to the January 28-29 minutes.
The January meetings took place roughly two weeks after the US and China inked the phase-one deal and introduced the first
major deescalation of the trade conflict since it began in the summer of 2018. The agreement, when coupled with the passage
of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, brought stabilization to a world stage recently fraught with trade hostilities.
Since then, the coronavirus has emerged as "a new risk to the global growth outlook," according to the Fed.
The outbreak's threat and death toll have already led economists to lower growth expectations and companies to warn of hits to future earnings.
From "Business Insider"
Losing Sleep Over the Quest for a Perfect Night's Rest
If you're having a hard time falling asleep, that sleep tracker on your wrist might be to blame. And there's a name
for this new kind of insomnia of the digital age: orthosomnia. It's "when you just really become fixated on having this
perfect sleep via tracker," said Seema Khosla, medical director at the North Dakota Center for Sleep. "And then
you start worrying about it, and you wind up giving yourself insomnia."
Think 5G is Exciting? Just Wait for 6G
The wireless industry has revolutionized the way we work and play, so it's no wonder why 5G has grabbed
everyone's attention. Already in some cities, and soon across the world, fiberoptic transmission speeds will invisibly reach
into all of our pockets, bringing television, 3D imagery and new applications we never dreamed of to our mobile devices. While
commercial cellphone providers and equipment vendors are working feverishly to build out 5G, and as the public eagerly awaits
its rollout, researchers around the world are at work producing the wireless world's next generation: 6G.
6G? No one quite knows yet, and the international standards bodies, made up of hundreds of companies around the world, will
figure that out over the coming decade. But work at New York University shows that by 2035, 6G will usher in the ability to
send wireless signals at the rate of human computation.
Dubbed "wireless cognition" by researchers, 6G could mean that human intelligence could eventually be sent over the
air instantaneously. Remote control robots and artificial intelligence applications with human-like capabilities could be
enabled over 6G cellphones.
By using electromagnetic frequencies above 95 Gigahertz, future cellphones
will be able to use massive channel bandwidths and highly directional antennas that allow excellent coverage and enable new
applications. These frequencies, which are 40 times greater than today's 4G cellphone frequencies, and three to four times
greater than the new 5G frequencies, were just made available for commercialization by the Federal Communications Commission last year. Accurate positioning and direction finding coupled with superior
sensing and imaging, just like humans use their eyes to see things clearly both near and far, will become possible with 6G.
The new frequencies in the sub-Terahertz bands will transmit super-fast computations over a wide range of frequencies, allowing
future cellphones to have vastly greater capabilities.
For example, the 6G phone of the future will
be able to test the air around you for allergens, explosives or toxic chemicals and determine if your food is safe to eat.
It will help you see in the dark using night vision and render far better images than the human eye can see. Just as the cellphone
has replaced the standalone camera and the wristwatch for many, and is beginning to replace the wallet, 6G phones may someday
replace eyeglasses through the use of goggles, which can double as headphones, that have incredible imaging capability and
Research also shows that 6G phones will be able to see behind walls by building up maps of the
local surroundings and combining the signals received from the environment with the highly directional, steerable antennas
on the phone. This could come in handy if you want to know if someone is in the room next to you.
that's not enough, the 6G phone of the future will also provide precise position location accuracy and ranging that will let
us know exactly where we are, down to the centimeter. Such accuracy will be important for navigating robotic vehicles and
self-driving cars and could even be useful for hanging drapes in your home. Along with these features will be the usual high
definition video and augmented reality applications we cannot yet even imagine.
While many of these ideas are still
in the research labs of universities and a few forward-looking companies, there is great promise that these ideas will be
ready for prime time in the 6G era (expected around 2030).
The countries that lead in the creation of these new technological
capabilities will have a keen international market edge, which is why fundamental research is a critical national policy issue.
Countries like China, Japan and Korea have made Information and Communications Technology (ICT) research a national priority,
and their fortunes are rising with 5G. Given the importance of 5G, and the fact that the United States is losing its edge
in the global standards race, I believe it is now urgent for US leadership to make wireless communications research support,
and ICT in general, a national priority.
Only those countries that invest in fundamental wireless research
in academia and industry have a shot at creating and owning the intellectual property and nurturing the engineering talent
that will enable 6G. A major, multibillion dollar federal research initiative that brings US universities and industry together to create fundamental research and startup companies is needed to
attract the top research talent to work on this lucrative future, while incentivizing young people to pursue education and
careers that will create the exciting breakthroughs. National fortunes, as well as vast new capabilities, will be riding over
the 6G airwaves.
Nearly 1 in 3 American Workers Run Out of Money Before Payday - Even Those Earning over $100,000
Going extra light at the grocery store. Cutting down on medical supplies.
Buying clothing and household supplies secondhand. These are just some of the many ways many Americans are making it work
when money is tight. For about a third of Americans, this is a regular financial stress, with 32% running out of money before
their next paycheck hits, according to a new survey fielded by Salary Finance of over 2,700 U.S. adults working at companies with over 500 employees. Amy,* 36, is intimately familiar with running
short on cash and using these workarounds, especially during tax season. That's in spite of the fact that she and her husband
make about $50,000 a year, just short of the average household income in the U.S. "Tax time hurts for us because we don't get a refund, we get a bill," she tells CNBC Make It. Her husband, the primary earner, works for a company in a different state, so state income taxes aren't taken out, she says.
While they typically get a federal refund, they end up owing the state more than the federal refund.
Contrary to popular
belief, "this is not just an issue for people at the lower end of the income spectrum," Dan Macklin, Salary Finance's
U.S. CEO and co-founder of SoFi, tells CNBC Make It. About 31% of respondents earning over $100,000 also regularly experience
a budget shortfall before payday. For many, it's the rising cost of living - including food, housing, education and medical
expenses - that creates the squeeze. Over the past year, basic costs increased by 2.3%, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics's Consumer Price Index. The cost of medical care rose 4.6% in 2019, the largest year-over-year increase since 2007, the BLS reports. Housing also
jumped 3.2% last year, while education expenses rose 2.1% and food prices increased about 1.8%. For others, it's stagnant
wages. Real wages effectively remained stalled last year, showing only a 0.2% year-over-year increase, according to the PayScale Index. But looking longer term, Payscale found median wages, when adjusted for inflation, actually declined 9% since 2006.
No matter the underlying reason, the struggle to pay bills and put food on the table when you're short on cash leads to
a lot of stress, the survey finds. Financial stress is very prevalent today, with 42% of working Americans experiencing it.
It's a percentage that Macklin finds "extremely worrying." That's because that financial stress can have lasting
effects on your mental and physical health, he says. Those with financial worries are six times more likely to suffer from
anxiety and seven times more prone to depression, Salary Finance's survey found.
Federal Taxes and Spending Set Records Through January
The federal government set records for both the amount of taxes it collected and the amount
of money it spent in the first four months of fiscal 2020 (October through January), according to data released today in the Monthly Treasury Statement. So far in fiscal 2020, the federal government has collected $1,178,800,000,000 in total taxes. The previous high for total
federal taxes collected in the first four months of the fiscal year came in fiscal 2018, when the Treasury collected $1,172,088,080,000
in constant December 2019 dollars.
While the federal government was collecting that record $1,178,800,000 in federal
taxes in October through January of this fiscal year, it was spending a record total of $1,567,985,000,000. That was up $116,800,410,000
from the $1,451,184,590,000 (in constant December 2019 dollars) that the federal government spent in the first four months
of fiscal 2019.
In the first four months of this fiscal year-while collecting a record $1,178,800,000,000 and spending
a record $1,567,985,000,000-the federal government ran a deficit of $389,185,000,000.
Germany Ran World's Largest Current Account Surplus in 2019
Germany's current account surplus remained the world's largest last year
despite trade tensions, the Ifo economic institute said on Monday, in an estimate likely to renew criticism of Chancellor
Angela Merkel's fiscal policies.
The Ifo calculations, reported exclusively by Reuters ahead of publication
by the economic institute, put Germany's current account surplus - which measures the flow of goods, services and investments
- at some $293 billion in 2019.
It is the fourth successive year that Germany's current account surplus
has been the world's largest, with Japan's the next biggest at $194 billion, according to Ifo calculations.
Monetary Fund and the European Commission have for years urged Germany, Europe's largest economy, to do more to lift domestic
demand and imports as a way to reduce global economic imbalances and stimulate growth elsewhere.
his election, U.S. President Donald Trump has also criticized Germany's export strength.
Germany's current account
surplus can mainly be attributed to the fact that far more German products and services are sold overseas than imported into
Europe's largest economy. Merkel said last year: "We are proud of our cars and so we should be." But she added that
many were built in the United States and exported to China. Ifo economist Christian Grimme said the German surplus increased
last year to some 7.6% of gross domestic product (GDP) from 7.3% in 2018.
"Stronger exports to
the U.S. due to the stronger depreciation of the euro and increased exports to the UK, where demand recovered somewhat, saw
total German exports rise sharply again in the second half of the year," Grimme told Reuters. "By contrast, imports
expanded very weakly in the summer half of 2019 - the ongoing industrial recession in Germany severely curbed imports of intermediate
goods." The European Commission, the EU's executive, considers a current account surplus of 6% as sustainable over the
long-term when measured by the size of a country's economy.
China To Allow In U.S. Health Experts As Virus Shows No Signs of Slowing
China has agreed to allow U.S. health experts into the country as part of a World Health
Organization (WHO) effort to help fight the fast-spreading coronavirus, as the number of cases and deaths continued to mount.
In central China's Hubei province, epicenter of the epidemic, China state TV reported there were 2,345 new cases of the virus
and another 64 deaths, bringing the total of virus-related fatalities in Hubei to 414 by Monday.
The Chinese stock
market plunged about 8% on Monday, wiping $393 billion off the value of the Shanghai bourse, on the first day of trading following
an extended Lunar New Year holiday in a bid to help keep people at home and contain the virus' spread. The White House said
on Monday China had accepted its offer to have U.S. experts as part of a WHO mission to study and help combat the virus that
emerged in Hubei's provincial capital of Wuhan.
A 1,000-bed hospital built in eight days to treat people with the
virus in Wuhan was due to receive its first patients on Monday, state media said. A second hospital with 1,600 beds is due
to be operational later this week. With Wuhan and some other Chinese cities in virtual lockdown, travel severely restricted
and China facing increasing international isolation, fears of wider economic disruption are growing. Sources at the OPEC oil
cartel told Reuters producers were considering cutting output by almost a third to support prices.
From "NY Times"
Palestinians Cut Ties With Israel and U.S. After Rejecting Peace Plan
The Palestinian Authority has cut all ties with the United States and Israel, including those relating
to security, after rejecting a Middle East peace plan presented by U.S. President Donald Trump, Palestinian President Mahmoud
Abbas said on Saturday.
Abbas was in Cairo to address the Arab League, which backed the Palestinians
in their opposition to Trump's plan.
The blueprint, endorsed by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, calls for
the creation of a demilitarised Palestinian state that excludes Jewish settlements built in occupied territory and is under
near-total Israeli security control. "We've informed the Israeli side ... that there will be no relations at all with
them and the United States including security ties," Abbas told the one-day emergency meeting, called to discuss Trump's
Israeli officials had no immediate comment on his remarks.
Israel and the Palestinian
Authority's security forces have long cooperated in policing areas of the occupied West Bank that are under Palestinian control.
The PA also has intelligence cooperation agreements with the CIA, which continued even after the Palestinians began boycotting
the Trump administration's peace efforts in 2017.
Abbas also said he had refused to discuss the plan by with Trump
by phone, or to receive even a copy of it to study it.
"Trump asked that I speak to him by phone but I said ‘no',
and that he wants to send me a letter ... but I refused it," he said. Abbas said he did not want Trump to be able to
say that he, Abbas, had been consulted.
He reiterated his "complete" rejection of the Trump plan, presented
on Tuesday. "I will not have it recorded in my history that I sold Jerusalem," he said.
blueprint also proposes U.S. recognition of Israeli settlements on occupied West Bank land and of Jerusalem as Israel's indivisible
capital. The Arab League foreign ministers meeting in Cairo said the plan did not meet the minimum aspirations of Palestinians,
and that the League would not cooperate with the United States in implementing it.
The ministers affirmed Palestinian
rights to create a future state based on the land captured and occupied by Israel in the 1967 Middle East war, with East Jerusalem
as capital, the final communique said. Foreign ministers from Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, three close U.S. allies, as well
as Iraq, Lebanon and others said there could be no peace without recognising Palestinian rights to establish a state within
the pre-1967 territories. After Trump unveiled his plan, some Arab powers had appeared, despite historic support for the Palestinians,
to prioritise close ties with the United States and a shared hostility towards Iran over traditional Arab alliances.
Three Gulf Arab states - Oman, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates - attended the White
House gathering where Trump announced his plan alongside Netanyahu. On Tuesday, Netanyahu said he would ask his cabinet this
week to approve the application of Israeli law to Jewish settlements in the West Bank. Such a move could be a first step towards
formal annexation of the settlements and the Jordan Valley - territory Israel has kept under military occupation since its
capture in 1967. Most countries consider Israeli settlements on land captured in war to be a violation of international law.
Trump has changed U.S. policy to withdraw such objections.
Brexit Is Official: UK Leaves European Union
The United Kingdom officially left the European Union on Friday, entering into a period of uncertainty after three years of bitter wrangling over Brexit and tense negotiations over the terms of divorce between London and Brussels.
The departure became
official at 11 p.m. London time when the clock struck midnight in the Belgian capital, where the EU is headquartered.
Thousands of Brexit supporters waving Union Jack flags gathered outside Parliament to celebrate the severing of
the 47-year relationship.
Brexit supporters had been looking forward to this moment since June 23,
2016, when 52 percent of the public voted to walk away from the EU, the successor to the European Communities it joined in
1973. Prime Minister Boris Johnson called the departure "a moment of real national renewal and change."
"This is the single most important moment in the modern history of our great nation," Nigel Farage,
leader of the Brexit Party, told the crowd.
Some mourned the loss of their EU identity, with several
vigils being held across the U.K. Ann Jones joined dozens of other so-called "remainers" on a march
to the EU's mission in London. "Many of us want to just mark our sadness in public," she said.
Candlelight vigils were held in several Scottish cities, government buildings in Edinburgh were lit up in the EU's
blue and yellow, and the bloc's flag continued to fly outside the Scottish Parliament.
Minister Nicola Sturgeon said Brexit was "a moment of profound sadness." There was also sadness in Brussels as British
flags were quietly removed from the bloc's many buildings, before being folded and taken away.
French President Emmanuel Macron called Brexit a "historic alarm signal" that should force the EU to improve itself.
"It's a sad day, let's not hide it," he said in a televised address. "But it is a day that must also lead
us to do things differently."
Johnson, who won a December general election victory with his promise to get Brexit done, insisted post-Brexit Britain would be "simultaneously
a great European power and truly global in our range and ambitions."
"We want this to be
the beginning of a new era of friendly cooperation between the EU and an energetic Britain," Johnson said in a pre-recorded
video address to the country broadcast an hour Brexit became official. An 11-month transition period now follows as Britain
and the EU will negotiate new agreements on trade and a number of other issues. Britons, in the meantime, will see very little
change. Brexit supporters argue Britain's departure will allow it to strike trade deals with countries like the United
States and growing Asian markets.
Breaking away from the EU also raises concerns for residents in Ireland
and Northern Ireland, where protecting the peace after the Good Friday agreement of 1998 was a top priority. The agreement
ended three decades of sectarian violence known as the "Troubles" between groups that wanted to reunify Ireland
and those who favored Northern Ireland remaining in Britain.
From "Fox News"
Trump Peace Plan Delights Israelis, Enrages Palestinians
President Donald Trump unveiled his long-awaited Mideast peace plan Tuesday alongside a beaming Benjamin
Netanyahu, presenting a vision that matched the Israeli leader's hard-line, nationalist views while falling far short of Palestinian
Trump's plan envisions a disjointed Palestinian state that turns over key parts of the West
Bank to Israel. It sides with Israel on key contentious issues that have bedeviled past peace efforts, including borders and
the status of Jerusalem and Jewish settlements, and attaches nearly impossible conditions for granting the Palestinians their
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas dismissed the plan as "nonsense" and
vowed to resist it. Netanyahu called it a "historic breakthrough" equal in significance to the country's declaration
of independence in 1948.
"It's a great plan for Israel. It's a great plan for peace," he said. He vowed
to immediately press forward with his plans to annex the strategic Jordan Valley and all the Israeli settlements in occupied
lands. Netanyahu said he'd ask his Cabinet to approve the annexation plans in their next meeting on Sunday, an explosive move
that could trigger harsh international reaction and renewed violence with the Palestinians.
dictates once and for all the eastern border of Israel," Netanyahu told Israeli reporters later. "Israel is getting
an immediate American recognition of Israeli sovereignty on all the settlements, without exceptions." Given the Palestinian
opposition, the plan seems unlikely to lead to any significant breakthrough. But it could give a powerful boost to both Trump
and Netanyahu who are both facing legal problems ahead of tough elections.
Trump called his plan a
"win-win" for both Israel and the Palestinians, and urged the Palestinians not to miss their opportunity for independence.
But Abbas, who accuses the U.S. of unfair bias toward Israel, rejected it out of hand.
"We say 1,000 no's to
the Deal of the Century," Abbas said, using a nickname for Trump's proposal. "We will not kneel and we will not
surrender," he said, adding that the Palestinians would resist the plan through "peaceful, popular means."
From "The Washington Post"
Portion of US Border Wall In California Falls Over In High Winds And Lands On Mexican Side
Newly installed panels from the US border wall fell over in high winds Wednesday, landing on trees on the Mexican side of the border.
The area is part
of an ongoing construction project to improve existing sections of the wall. Agent Carlos Pitones of the Customs and Border
Protection sector in El Centro, California, told CNN that the sections that gave way had recently been set in a new concrete
foundation in Calexico, California. The concrete had not yet cured, according to Pitones, and the wall panels were unable
to withstand the windy conditions.
The National Weather Service reports that winds in the area gusted
as high as 37 mph Wednesday. Video from CNN affiliate KYMA shows the metal panels leaning against trees adjacent to a Mexicali, Mexico, street as the wind whips up dirt from the
construction site on the other side of the border.
"We are grateful there was no property damage
or injuries," said Pitones.
Customs and Border Protection says local Mexicali officials diverted
traffic from the area of the accident, and the agency is working with the Mexican government on the next steps to right the
wall. Pitones said it is not currently known how long the construction work in the area will need to be suspended in order
to allow for cleanup.
Is Secondhand Screen Time The New Secondhand Smoking?
The Environmental Protection Agency first warned of secondhand smoke in 1991, some 30 years after scientists determined that smoking cigarettes causes cancer. Today, a growing body of research points toward a new indirect health hazard. Just as frequently being around other people while they smoke can cause cancer, heart disease, lung disease and other ailments, what I call "secondhand screen time" could be endangering children.
By not limiting their own phone use, parents and other caregivers may be unwittingly setting kids up to be addicted
to screens. A decade ago, the unwillingness - or perhaps the inability - of the college students in my writing classes to stay off their phones for 50 minutes at a stretch catalyzed my interest in screen use. And my students have only grown more unwilling to put down their phones, a trend that has also gotten
worse outside of my classroom.
Curious about my students' phone use, I began researching screen addiction and conducting my own surveys. Roughly 20% of my students have used the word "addiction" when describing their phone habits, and many more have expressed misgivings
about their phone use. While I encourage them to examine their habits, I blame students less for their tech addiction than
I did a decade ago. They've learned this behavior from adults - in many cases since the moment they were born.
Twitter in front of kids is not the same as blowing smoke in their faces. Smartphones and cigarettes do, however, have some
things in common. Both are addictive and both became wildly popular before researchers learned about their addictive properties and health dangers.
On average, American adults touch their phones over 2,500 times a day. According to the American Psychiatric Association, that fits the definition of addiction: "a condition in which a person engages in the use of a substance or in a behavior
for which the rewarding effects provide a compelling incentive to repeatedly pursue the behavior despite detrimental consequences."
While researchers continue to study the effects and extent of phone use, the scientific consensus is that phone addiction is real.
As Virus Spreads, Anxiety Rises In China And Overseas
Face masks sold out and officials at airports and train stations checked
passengers for fevers as China on Tuesday sought to control the outbreak of a new virus that has reached four other countries
and territories and threatens to spread further during the Lunar New Year travel rush.
Anxiety grew both at home and
abroad after Chinese government expert Zhong Nanshan confirmed fears on state television late Monday that the new type of
coronavirus can spread from human to human.
Six people have died and 291 have been infected in China, the National
Health Commission said Tuesday.
The U.S. on Tuesday reported its first case, saying a Washington state resident who
returned last week from the outbreak's epicenter was hospitalized near Seattle.
The stock prices of some companies
that sell masks rose Tuesday, but markets fell in much of Asia as investors worried about the potential impact on tourism
and the economy.
From "Associated Press"
Why Trump Can't Retreat From The Middle East
If America doesn't need Saudi oil anymore, why is it still wooing crown princes, especially
when American public opinion isn't really on board? The most recent Gallup Poll on the subject, conducted in February 2019,
showed only 4% of Americans with a "very favorable" view of Saudi Arabia.
In fact, most view Saudi Arabia
in a worse light than Venezuela. A Business Insider poll from September 2019 showed that, on the best of days, only one in
five Americans viewed Saudi Arabia as a U.S. ally. Over the past decade, U.S. oil production has doubled. In terms of extraction,
dramatic media reports have emerged at various times over the past couple of years to the effect that the U.S. has surpassed
Saudi Arabia as a crude oil exporter. In June 2019, the U.S. did indeed surpass Saudi Arabia-briefly. For a better understanding,
data shows that Saudi Arabia exported 7.38 million barrels per day in 2018. The U.S. exported 2 million barrels per day in
2018. In 2019, the U.S. was averaging about 2.9 million bpd in exports.
In October 2019, U.S. imports of Saudi crude
oil reached their lowest point since early 1974, at 419,000 barrels per day. Globalization changes things Today, however,
dependence isn't just about physical oil. It's about markets. In the era of entrenched globalization, it doesn't matter if
you're an importer or an exporter, you're still beholden to the global market and its volatility. Independence, in other words,
doesn't mean what it used to mean backed when Western powers started drawing lines in the Middle Eastern sands over oil. Whether
independent or not, the U.S. will still import oil because sometimes it's more convenient and because not all oil is the same
and imports arise from a need to efficiently supply various refining capabilities that process different types of crude. So,
what does America (or, rather, Washington) need Saudi Arabia for, exactly, if not for oil? The answer is simple: oil is one
thing, but oil money is quite another.
One form of ‘dependence' is traded for another-and that's global. Not
only has Saudi Arabia just hit its highest level of foreign investment in the Kingdom (up 54% in 2019 from the previous year),
but Saudi money is pumping into every major global sector, with Fintech increasingly driving investment. The Public Investment
Fund (PIF), Saudi Arabia's sovereign wealth fund, partnered with Japanese Softbank Group with a $100-billion investment in
the tech sector that began in 2016 and is eyeing $2 trillion in investments.
This is also a highly lucrative venue
for the defense industry, with "successive U.S. governments" having received "billions of dollars from selling
American weapons to Saudi Arabia." Without the need for Saudi oil, U.S. foreign policy on the Middle East is confused,
at best. Trump has varyingly said he would like to get out of the Middle East entirely and deployed additional forces at the
same time. There was no American military response to the attack on Saudi Aramco oil facilities last September. That was a
Saudi problem, even though the intention of the attack was likely to provoke the United States. Instead, the U.S. deployed
14,000 additional troops to Saudi Arabia, which Trump claims are being funded "in cash" by the Saudis to the tune
of $1 million (a notion being debunked). No one is sure what this means, exactly, other than that the U.S. military is providing
a lucrative private mercenary service even in venues it claims it no longer has a foreign policy interest.
in Syria, we saw a dramatic announcement of a withdrawal and a stepping aside to allow a Turkish invasion in the north. Immediately
afterwards, we saw a reversal, with U.S. troops redeployed to "protect" Syrian oil. Then, most spectacularly, we
have the U.S. assassination of an Iranian general on Iraqi soil-again in a region in which the latest version of American
foreign policy claims to have no skin in the game. The only true form of oil independence is being completely disconnected
from global markets, and that means a continued "interest" in the Middle East. The fact remains, that oil independence
doesn't account for the fact that onethird of the world's oil still travels through the Strait of Hormuz, and the U.S. still
imports plenty of oil from plenty of countries.
Everyone is connected to global supply, and if that global supply
is disrupted, the American consumer will feel it. The market knows this, but it's the only "entity" that truly understands